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SSM简单整合

分析

spring:

spring.xml:事务管理,包扫描
web.xml:加载spring容器
StudentService.java @Service@Tansation

springmvc:

web.xml:前端控制器
spring-mvc.xml:视图解析器,拦截器,过滤器,全局的异常处理,静态资源处理
StudentController.xml:@Controller,@ReuqestMapping,@ResponseBody

mybatis:

spring-mybatis.xml:连接池,SqlSessionFactory
StudenMapper.xml
StudentMapper.java接口
其他配置文件:
db.properties
log4j.properties
echcache.xml


项目结构

通过pom.xml加载SSM整合包

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>SSM</groupId>
  <artifactId>SSM</artifactId>
  <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <packaging>war</packaging>

  <properties>
    <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    <maven.compiler.source>1.7</maven.compiler.source>
    <maven.compiler.target>1.7</maven.compiler.target>
    <!-- spring版本号 -->
    <spring.version>5.0.6.RELEASE</spring.version>
    <!-- mybatis版本号 -->
    <mybatis.version>3.4.2</mybatis.version>
    <!-- log4j日志文件管理包版本 -->
    <slf4j.version>1.7.7</slf4j.version>
    <!--<log4j.version>2.5</log4j.version>-->
    <log4j.version>1.2.17</log4j.version>

  </properties>

  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>junit</groupId>
      <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
      <version>4.11</version>
      <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>

    <!-- spring核心包 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-oxm</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- mybatis核心包 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
      <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
      <version>${mybatis.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- mybatis/spring包 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
      <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
      <version>2.0.0</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- 导入java ee jar 包 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>javax</groupId>
      <artifactId>javaee-api</artifactId>
      <version>7.0</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- 导入Mysql数据库链接jar包 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>mysql</groupId>
      <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
      <version>5.0.8</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- 导入dbcp的jar包,用来在applicationContext.xml中配置数据库 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>commons-dbcp</groupId>
      <artifactId>commons-dbcp</artifactId>
      <version>1.2.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- JSTL标签类 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>jstl</groupId>
      <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
      <version>1.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- 日志文件管理包 -->
    <!-- log start -->
    <!--<dependency>-->
      <!--<groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>-->
      <!--<artifactId>log4j-core</artifactId>-->
      <!--<version>2.5</version>-->
    <!--</dependency>-->
    <!--<dependency>-->
      <!--<groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>-->
      <!--<artifactId>log4j-api</artifactId>-->
      <!--<version>2.5</version>-->
    <!--</dependency>-->
    <!-- 格式化对象,方便输出日志 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
      <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
      <version>1.1.41</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
      <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
      <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
      <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
      <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- log end -->
    <!-- 映入JSON -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.codehaus.jackson</groupId>
      <artifactId>jackson-mapper-asl</artifactId>
      <version>1.9.13</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- 上传组件包 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
      <artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
      <version>1.3.1</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
      <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
      <version>2.4</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>commons-codec</groupId>
      <artifactId>commons-codec</artifactId>
      <version>1.9</version>
    </dependency>
    <!--druid 连接池-->
    <!--https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.alibaba/druid-->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
      <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
      <version>1.1.10</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/log4j/log4j -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>log4j</groupId>
      <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
      <version>1.2.17</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>
  <build>
    <finalName>SSM</finalName>
    <pluginManagement><!-- lock down plugins versions to avoid using Maven defaults (may be moved to parent pom) -->
      <plugins>
        <plugin>
          <artifactId>maven-clean-plugin</artifactId>
          <version>3.1.0</version>
        </plugin>
        <!-- see http://maven.apache.org/ref/current/maven-core/default-bindings.html#Plugin_bindings_for_war_packaging -->
        <plugin>
          <artifactId>maven-resources-plugin</artifactId>
          <version>3.0.2</version>
        </plugin>
        <plugin>
          <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
          <version>3.8.0</version>
        </plugin>
        <plugin>
          <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
          <version>2.22.1</version>
        </plugin>
        <plugin>
          <artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>
          <version>3.2.2</version>
        </plugin>
        <plugin>
          <artifactId>maven-install-plugin</artifactId>
          <version>2.5.2</version>
        </plugin>
        <plugin>
          <artifactId>maven-deploy-plugin</artifactId>
          <version>2.8.2</version>
        </plugin>
      </plugins>
    </pluginManagement>
  </build>
</project>

jdbc.properties配置信息

driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/xmsc
username=root
password=qqtang

log4j.properties配置信息

# For JBoss: Avoid to setup Log4J outside $JBOSS_HOME/server/default/deploy/log4j.xml!
# For all other servers: Comment out the Log4J listener in web.xml to activate Log4J.
log4j.rootLogger=info, stdout, logfile

log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%d %p [%c] - %m%n

log4j.appender.logfile=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.logfile.File=c:\\log\\lol.txt
log4j.appender.logfile.MaxFileSize=1MB
# Keep three backup files.
log4j.appender.logfile.MaxBackupIndex=3
# Pattern to output: date priority [category] - message
log4j.appender.logfile.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.logfile.layout.ConversionPattern=%d %p [%c] - %m%n

spring-mvc.xml-- spring整合springmvc

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.0.xsd">

  <!-- 自动扫描该包,使SpringMVC认为包下用了@controller注解的类是控制器 -->
  <context:component-scan base-package="com.it.*"/>

  <!--注解扫描-->
  <mvc:annotation-driven/>

  <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>
  
  <!--视图资源控制器( 前缀后缀 )-->
  <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
    <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/views/"/>
    <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
  </bean>

  <!-- 配置文件上传,如果没有使用文件上传可以不用配置-->
  <bean class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
    <!-- 默认编码 -->
    <property name="defaultEncoding" value="utf-8" />
    <!-- 文件大小最大值 -->
    <property name="maxUploadSize" value="10485760000" />
    <!-- 内存中的最大值 -->
    <property name="maxInMemorySize" value="40960" />
  </bean>
</beans>

spring-mybatis.xml--spring整合myabtis

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd">

  <context:component-scan base-package="com.it"/>

  <!--添加bean配置连接数据库的配置信息,通过jdbc.proerties文件 来引用所配置的信息-->
  <bean id="propertyConfigurer" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">
    <property name="location" value="classpath:jdbc.properties"/>
  </bean>
  <!--druid连接池-->
  <bean id="dataSource" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource" init-method="init" destroy-method="close">
    <!-- 基本属性 url、user、password -->
    <property name="driverClassName" value="${driver}"/>
    <property name="url" value="${url}" />
    <property name="username" value="${username}" />
    <property name="password" value="${password}" />
    <!-- 配置初始化大小、最小、最大 -->
    <property name="initialSize" value="1" />
    <property name="minIdle" value="1" />
    <property name="maxActive" value="20" />
    <!-- 配置获取连接等待超时的时间 -->
    <property name="maxWait" value="60000" />
    <!-- 配置间隔多久才进行一次检测,检测需要关闭的空闲连接,单位是毫秒 -->
    <property name="timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis" value="60000" />
    <!-- 配置一个连接在池中最小生存的时间,单位是毫秒 -->
    <property name="minEvictableIdleTimeMillis" value="300000" />
    <property name="validationQuery" value="SELECT 'x'" />
    <property name="testWhileIdle" value="true" />
    <property name="testOnBorrow" value="false" />
    <property name="testOnReturn" value="false" />
    <!-- 打开PSCache,并且指定每个连接上PSCache的大小 -->
    <property name="poolPreparedStatements" value="true" />
    <property name="maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize" value="20" />
    <!-- 配置监控统计拦截的filters,去掉后监控界面sql无法统计 -->
    <property name="filters" value="stat" />
  </bean>

  <!-- spring和MyBatis完美整合,不需要mybatis的配置映射文件 -->
  <bean id="sessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
    <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
    <!-- 自动扫描mapping.xml文件 -->
    <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:mapper/*.xml"/>
  </bean>
  <!-- 或者 通过扫描的模式,扫描目录在com.lanyuan.mapper目录下的mapper-->
  <!--<bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">-->
    <!--<property name="basePackage" value="com.it.mapper"/>-->
  <!--</bean>-->

  <!-- DAO接口所在包名,Spring会自动查找其下的类 -->
  <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
    <property name="basePackage" value="com.it.dao" />
  </bean>

  <!--事务管理-->
  <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
    <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
  </bean>
</beans>

web.xml---前端控制器,spring容器的加载

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
         version="3.0">

  <!-- Spring和mybatis的配置文件 -->
  <context-param>
    <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
    <param-value>classpath:spring-mybatis.xml</param-value>
  </context-param>

  <!--编码过滤器-->
  <filter>
    <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
    <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
    <async-supported>true</async-supported>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>encoding</param-name>
      <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping>

  <!--spring监听器-->
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
  </listener>

  <!-- Spring MVC servlet -->
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
      <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    <async-supported>true</async-supported>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
    <!-- 此处可以可以配置成*.do,对应struts的后缀习惯 -->
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>

  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

User.java---pojo

UserDAO.java--接口--使用mapper代理开发

public interface UserMapper {
  List<User> findAllUser();
}

UserService.java--业务层,进行事务控制

@Service
public class UserService {
  @Autowired
  @Qualifier("userMapper")
  private UserMapper userMapper;

  @Transactional
  public List<User> findAllUser(){
    return userMapper.findAllUser();
  }
}

映射文件配置UserMapper.xml---statement

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">

<mapper namespace="com.it.dao.UserMapper">
  <select id="findAllUser" resultType="com.it.bean.User">
    select * from userinfo
  </select>
  <select id="findUser" resultType="com.it.bean.User" parameterType="string">
    select * from userinfo where user_id=#{id}
  </select>
</mapper>

UserController.java--sprinmvc控制层类

@Controller
public class UserController {
  @Resource(name = "userService")
  private UserService userService;

  @RequestMapping("/findAllUser")
  public String findAllUser(Model model){
    List<User> users=userService.findAllUser();
    model.addAttribute("users",users);
    return "index";
  }

访问方式

http://localhost:8080/SSM_war_exploded/findUser?user_id=1001
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